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Written by Friends of The Congo What is Coltan? (Download (PDF) coltan fact sheet) Coltan is short for Columbite-tantalite - a black tar-like mineral found in major quantities in the Congo. The Congo possesses 64 percent of the world's coltan. When coltan is refined it becomes a heat resistant powder that can hold a high electric charge. The properties of refined coltan is a vital element in creating devices that store energy or capacitors, which are used in a vast array of small electronic devices, especially in mobile phones, laptop computers, pagers, and other electronic devices.Who are the primary exploiters of Coltan in the Congo?Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi and their proxy militias are the primary exploiters of coltan in the Congo. In an 18 month period Rwanda made $250 million as a result of exploitation of coltan in the Congo. Although Rwanda and Uganda possess little or no coltan, during the…
Written by William A.TwayigizeIt is a bit complex to know or understand those who are profiteering from African conflicts especially the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Somali conflict, and the Southern Sudanese conflict. This is because the beneficiaries of the ongoing conflicts might be what this paper calls the “primary beneficiaries.” These are the local people and local institutions that are directly involved in the day to day activities of war. They are the primary victims of the conflict. There is also another group I refer to as the “secondary beneficiaries.” These are the people and institutions from the region. They are classified by their proximity to the conflict. The last group of beneficiaries is the “tertiary beneficiaries.” These are people and whether through the regional proxies or other means. They have a direct interest in the ongoing conflicts. The examples below will help us…

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ANREMI is a socially motivated Management and Think-Tank consulting and research center focused on Community-Based Natural Resources Management, Business Partnership, Sustainable Development, Humanitarian Security, and mid-size enterprise development and management.

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